3.2.1. Mirror, mirror on the screen - Digital Technology and Voice Training (PDF, 1.3 MB)

          Aix-en-Provence, Aug. 2011, Prof. Norma Enns, Powerpoint presentation


  • Digital technology offers helpful tools for creative teaching
  • Voice analysis software can make our teaching more effective.
  • How can we marry a singing lesson and the computer?
  • Teachers need methodology for its use.



  • How much does the teacher need to know?
  • How much does the student need to know?
  • What kind of equipment is essential? What is a good addition? What is luxury?
  • What features does helpful software have? Which programmes serve different purposes best?



  • 1. Don't derail the lesson --Visual Feedback
  • 2. Find the missing link -- Voice Analysis
  • 3. The long-term view -- Document vocal development


3.2.3. Zusammenfassung: Mirror, Mirror on the screen. (PDF, 7.3 MB) German 

           Prof, Norma Enns, Feldkirch, Okt. 2012

A revised and updated Powerpoint presentation in German given at the joint and EVTA-Austria congress in Feldkirch, Austria of her presentation in Aix-en-Provence in August, 2011.


3.2.2  Reading Spectrograms -- presented at EVPW Helsinki, June 2012 (PDF, 4.5 MB)

  Filipa Lã, PhD, Dept. of Communication & Arts, Univ. of Aviero, Portugal

A clear and easy to understand introduction into the basic of vocal acoustics, reading and understanding spectrograms with excellent graphics and charts, recommendations for direct applicability in the teaching studio, as well as active examples using Wavesurfer software.  A must read for all voice teachers wanting to learn the basics  or for more experienced teachers wanting to refresh their knowledge in this area. Original presentation included audio and video examples, that are not available here.


3.2.4. Understanding and using Visualisation (PDF, 5.5 MB)

           Prof. Norma Enns, presented Jan. 2012 at FIS meeting in Iceland

ICT:Information and Communication Technology / Interactive voice visualisation software / a new object in teaching / A non-traditional tool for the singing studio:

Outline of Powerpoint Presentation. 

  • New Assumption: Visualisation can improve our effectiveness in teaching singing
  • Definition: Types and Systems, objectifying the unseen
  • History: Sound visualisation, computer assisted teaching, simulation, WEB 2.0
  • Materials: research tools for voice research, software, gap between science and teaching
  • Methodology: different softwares for teachers, ideas, experience, practical use
  • 5 Phases of interactive visualisation
  • Risks: pitfalls, dos and don'ts
  • Concluding observations
  • Sources


3.2.5. Visualisation and Learning (PDF, 3.2 MB)

           Prof. Norma Enns, Powerpoint presentation presented at EVPW, Helsinki, June 2012

A revised and reworked Powerpoint presentation of Prof. Enns presentation from Jan. 2102 in Iceland with an added section on learning and adapting  visualisation software to different learning types. With examples and recommendations on methodology. 


3.2.6. Getting started: Visualization in the teaching studio (PDF, 199 KB)

        Prof. Norma Enns, Feb. 2011

Developing recommendations for the selection and appropriate use of visualization methods. A short overview of developed recommendations in methodology for the teaching studio.


3.2.7. Reading Spectrograms: Temptation to daring interpretations (PDF, 49 KB)

      Jutta Ottenbreit, dba, 2. President, EVPW Helsinki, June 2012 (English Translation)

A short explanation of spectrograms and their use as a diagnostic tool for voice therapists and as a teaching tool in vocal studios. Advantages and disadvantages in practical use.

The original German article can be downloaded here.